dcsimg
Plumbing
 
 
Get a Free Estimate
 
Plumbing

Plumbing Materials

Note: The method of fitting and joining plumbing materials depend on the materials used. Fittings come in a variety of shapes and may have specific purposes.  Materials are also subject to code requirements.

Check with your local building inspection department before replacing plumbing materials.

Common residential plumbing materials

Material Characteristics Uses Fitting Methods (joined with) Tools for Cutting
Cast Iron Very strong but difficult to work cut and fit Main drain waste Banded neoprene couplings Cast iron cutter
hacksaw
ABS
Acrylonitrile-
Butadiene-Styrene
Plastic material now restricted for use Drain pipes and traps Solvent glue and plastic fittings Tube cutter
hacksaw
miter box
PVC
Poly-Vinyl-Chloride
Rigid plastic resistant to moderate heat and chemical Drains pipes
Vent pipes
Drain traps
Solvent glue and plastic fittings Tube cutter
hacksaw
miter box
Galvanized Iron Very strong but corrodes over time
difficult to fit
Drains pipes;
Hot & Cold supply lines
Galvanized threaded fittings Hacksaw, Reciprocating saw
PB
Poly-Butylene
Flexible plastic easy to bend and fit
Restricted for use
Hot & Cold supply lines Plastic crimped/grip fitting Flexible plastic tube cutter
Utility knife
Rigid Copper Resists corrosion and very durable Hot & Cold supply lines Metal solder
Compression fittings
Tube cutter
hack saw
Flexible Copper Resists corrosion and easy to bend Hot & Cold supply lines Brass flare fittings
Compression fittings
Metal solder
Tube cutter
hack saw
Brass Durable and attractive
Relatively expensive
Valves and exposed drain traps and pipes Compression fittings
Metal solder
Tube cutter
hack saw
Reciprocating saw