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Mosaic Art: Learn How To Make Your Own Mosaic Furniture

Have you ever found yourself gazing in wonder at those beautiful mosaic tables? Or perhaps you are longing for a pair of mosaic chairs or stools? Popular in cafés and found on patios and decks the world over, mosaic furniture can add a hint of style to any room. Unfortunately, mosaic furniture often comes with a price tag that’s hard for even the biggest mosaic lover to stomach. Luckily, mosaic furniture is easy to make on your own – and it only requires a small budget and a little creativity to get started!

What is Mosaic Art?
Mosaic art involves putting small pieces of material together in unique patterns and shapes in order to make a larger piece of art. More than 4,000 years old, mosaic artwork has been found all over the world, and has been used to decorate everything from roadways to church ceilings. In its earliest phases, mosaic artwork was created using small terracotta cones. Over the years, mosaic artwork has evolved to make use of various materials, including ceramic tiles, small pieces of glass, and colored stones and pebbles. Mosaic patterns have now become very popular in contemporary design, and appear on everything from patio tables to bar seating.

About Mosaic Patterns
Traditionally, mosaic artwork has incorporated specific patterns and designs that express particular styles and beliefs. Early mosaic art focused on creating simple, repetitive patterns over large spaces. By the 4th century B.C., the ancient Greeks had begun to use geometric patterns in their mosaics, and also incorporated various materials to create detailed mosaic scenes. Today, you can find mosaics that represent almost every art tradition, from the romantic period right up to modern and contemporary styles.

Choosing Your Mosaic Pattern
When you set out to make your own mosaic furniture, you can create any type of design you want. Whether you love animals, flowers, or just a mish-mash of shapes and colors, you can make almost any design into a mosaic. If you are just starting out, it is best to choose simple designs that don’t have a lot of nooks and crannies to fill. After a few practice rounds, you can begin to create even more detailed designs. Here are some patterns to start out with:


  • geometric patterns, including diamonds, squares, and triangles
  • mazes
  • circular patterns
  • simple landscapes or symbols (such as a sun, star, or wave)


Materials To Use in Your Mosaic
There is a vast range of materials that you can incorporate in your mosaics. Try:


  • ceramic tile
  • pebbles and stones
  • colored glass
  • mirror


Choosing a Piece of Furniture to Mosaic
Almost any piece of furniture that matches the style and décor of your home can be decorated with a mosaic. The most traditional choices include wrought iron café tables, but you can select any type of furniture you like, including wooden, glass, and plastic pieces. If you are using a wooden table, be sure to prep the surface first by sanding it with medium-grade sandpaper. If you are using plastic or glass, apply a rough layer of mastic (an acrylic adhesive) to the surface, so that your tiles will stick more easily.


Creating A Piece of Mosaic Furniture

Here is an easy method to follow when it comes to creating your very own piece of mosaic furniture!

In order to make a piece of mosaic furniture, you will need:


  • a selection of colored tiles, glass, or mirror (if you are using tiles, use wall tiles as opposed to floor tiles)
  • marker
  • hammer
  • piece of cloth (to wrap the tiles in)
  • mastic adhesive
  • grout
  • grout sealant
  • safety goggles and gloves


How To Make the Mosaic


  • Begin by sketching out your mosaic pattern on a piece of paper. Once you are familiar with the pattern, draw it onto your tabletop or another piece of furniture with your marker.
  • Wrap one tile, mirror, or piece of glass in the cloth. Put on your goggles and gloves. Using your hammer, break the tile into pieces. Be careful not to pound too hard though, as it could damage the glazing on your tiles.
  • Carefully outline your pattern using pieces of tile that fit most appropriately. After you have outlined your entire pattern, attach each piece of tile using your mastic. Just add a dab of mastic to each individual tile.
  • Fill up the space inside your pattern using the rest of your broken tile and glass. Break more materials if you need them.
  • Once your pattern has been filled, apply mastic to each piece and press them down securely.
  • Grout your mosaic using traditional tile grout.
  • Wipe off any excess grout and allow to dry for 24 hours.
  • Apply grout sealant to the entire piece.